7 arrested in Amish haircutting: what would you do? Top 10 property safe havens abroad: where would you put your money?
by Tim Broadway
The Associated Press Published Wednesday, Nov. 23, 2011 2:35PM EST
The leader of a breakaway Amish group allowed the beatings of those who disobeyed him, made some members sleep in a chicken coop and had sexual relations with married women to “cleanse them,” U.S. federal authorities said as they charged him and six others with hate crimes in hair-cutting attacks against other Amish.
Authorities raided the group’s compound in eastern Ohio on Wednesday morning and arrested seven men, including group leader Sam Mullet and three of his sons.
Several members of the group carried out the attacks in September, October and November by forcefully cutting the beards and hair of Amish men and women and then taking photos of them, authorities said.
Cutting the hair is a highly offensive act to the Amish, who believe the Bible instructs women to let their hair grow long and men to grow beards and stop shaving once they marry. One victim told the FBI he would rather have been “beaten black and blue than to suffer the disfigurement and humiliation of having his hair removed,” according to court papers.
The attacks struck at the core of the Amish identity and tested their principles. They are pacifists and strongly believe that they must be forgiving in order for God to forgive them, which often means handing out their own punishment and not reporting crimes to law enforcement.
The attacks had terrorized Amish communities, Jefferson County Sheriff Fred Abdalla said at a news conference Wednesday.
“You’ve got Amish all over the state of Ohio and Pennsylvania and Indiana that are concerned. We’ve received hundreds and hundreds of calls from people living in fear,” he said. “They are buying Mace, some are sitting with shotguns, getting locks on their doors because of Sam Mullet.”
Mr. Mullet told The Associated Press in October that he didn’t order the hair-cutting but didn’t stop his sons and others from carrying it out. He said the goal was to send a message to other Amish that they should be ashamed of themselves for the way they were treating Mr. Mullet and his community.
U.S. Attorney Steven Dettelbach said Wednesday that religious differences should be a matter of theological debate, not disputes “resolved by late night visits to people’s homes with weapons and violent attacks.”
The seven men were in custody and expected to be arraigned Wednesday in Youngstown. They include Mr. Mullet; his sons Johnny, Lester and Daniel; Levi Miller; Eli Miller; and Emanuel Schrock. The charges carry a penalty of up 10 years in prison.
Mr. Abdalla, the sheriff, said he didn’t know the specifics of the religious disagreements that prompted Mr. Mullet to form his own community in 1995.
But the heart of his recent dispute with Amish bishops stemmed from his desire to excommunicate several members, the FBI said.
One of Mr. Mullet’s daughters-in-law and a former brother-in-law told investigators that Mr. Mullet controls everything that happens within the community outside Bergholz and that he allowed others to beat members of the group who disobeyed him, according to an affidavit filed in federal court Wednesday.
Mr. Mullet punished some by making them sleep in a chicken coop for days and was sexually intimate with married women in the community so that he could “cleanse them of the devil,” the two said in the affidavit.
Both said they left the community because they did not want to live under Mr. Mullet’s control.
Ohio has an estimated Amish population of just under 61,000 – second only to Pennsylvania. Their traditions of travelling by horse and buggy and forgoing most modern conveniences distance themselves from the outside world and symbolize a yielding to a collective order.
Top 10 property safe havens abroad
As an economic hurricane rages through traditional destinations in Europe and the US, buyers must look abroad to these top 10 property safe havens.
The euro is in crisis. Stock markets are in freefall. Two prime ministers have been sacked. Italian debt is at record levels, and Spain faces an early election tomorrow. Across the pond, America’s annual budget deficit is measured in trillions. One by one the traditional destinations for British house-hunters are becoming badlands. Rather than stay in the quagmire, it’s time for buyers to seek new pastures. There are always safe havens if you look hard enough. Even when buying outside the eurozone and the United States, the best tactic is still to purchase more expensive homes in prime locations. This means you will see the best the country has to offer, and your investment stands a better chance of securing good returns. Even at the top end, though, you have to be selective.
Here is our guide to where, what and why to buy overseas to minimise your risk.
The US housing market is in intensive care. One-in-four homes is in negative equity and mortgage foreclosures are rising. But across the border in Canada, the story is very different. The Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation predicts sales and prices will rise by up to five per cent next year. Brits tend to prefer Eastern Canada, because it is only five to seven hours’ flight from the UK, and has plentiful leisure and ski resorts around Newfoundland and Quebec. The country has a French-style buying process. A notary carries out conveyancing, and transaction costs are often 15 per cent of the price. You pay 25 per cent capital gains tax when you sell but, unlike the rest of North America, Canada is still seeing capital gains. Because space is plentiful, the choice is vast. There are ski chalets in Mont Tremblant, Quebec, for as little as £200,000, while timber lodges in parts of the Rockies can be even less. Websites such as sportfishcanada.ca list private sales of cabins at modest prices. More flamboyant buyers may prefer Nova Scotia’s spectacular coastline.
For sale A nine-acre estate with a huge four-bedroom house at Chester, Nova Scotia, is £2.1m (Tradewinds Realty, 020 7467 5330; tradewindsrealty.com).
Insider tip Offers are normally made in writing, accompanied by a deposit, so can be hard to withdraw.
2 Hong Kong
Crowded, flooded by neon lights over street markets and overlooked by sumptuous tower blocks for expats in the hills. The local housing market is booming, because it is no longer reliant just on foreign buyers. Chinese mainland purchasers now account for a third of all deals. One-bedroom flats go from £200,000 upwards but even so, demand for homes outstrips supply by 20 per cent, according to the Hong Kong Housing Authority. Similarly, Savills says house prices have risen 11 per cent in the past year and about 80 per cent since mid-2005. Yet experts insist this is sustainable. “Given the continual support from mainland buyers and the limited supply of homes – especially high-end ones – we expect prices and rents to grow steadily,” says Knight Frank’s HK representative, Colin Fitzgerland.
For sale Azura is a typical high-end new development where four-bedroom apartments, with open-plan kitchens and living areas as well as staff accommodation, start at £3.2m (Jones Lang LaSalle, 00852 2846 5802; joneslanglasalle.co.uk).
Insider tip Best-value areas are Southside, The Peak, Discovery Bay and Kowloon.
Knight Frank says 12 per cent of buyers here are from the UK, with Russia, Germany, France and Asia close behind. They come for three reasons: to improve their skiing, for their tax status and for stable house prices. Though there were falls of 15 per cent in French-speaking parts of Switzerland in 2008, prices have been stable since. But only some locations, such as Vaud and Valais, permit overseas purchasers and prices can be high. “Montreux, on Lake Geneva in Vaud canton, continues to defy the market conditions of its neighbours,” says Alexander Koch de Gooreynd of Knight Frank. “It’s one of the few lakeside locations in Switzerland with permission for foreigners to buy as a secondary residence.” It also hosts a world-famous annual jazz festival.
For sale Two two-bedroom apartments in Clarens, complete with pool house, are for sale jointly for £3.2m (Knight Frank, 020 7629 8171; knightfrank.com).
Insider tip Each canton has different rules regarding maximum sizes of homes foreign purchasers can buy, so do your research.
Long a favourite with holidaymakers, this island is now open to foreign buyers for the first time thanks to a new scheme to encourage investment. Most people would be happy enjoying the watersports, unspoilt beaches and charming villages that dot this Indian Ocean idyll, but now there are financial perks too. If you pay £310,000 or more for a villa or apartment in a designated coastal zone, you will also have the right to become a Mauritian resident, and enjoy low levels of personal and business tax. “The political situation is strong,” says Maribeth Davies of Hamptons International. “And the economy has grown at an average of 4 per cent a year for the past eight years.” One new designated scheme is Azuri, a beachfront complex with 169 homes for foreigners and 100 for wealthy locals. Properties come with parking, boat moorings, golf membership and access to swimming pools.
For sale Prices start at £311,000 for a three-bedroom apartment and go up to £497,500 for a four-bedroom apartment at the Azuri development. Hamptons International (020 7963 0614; azuri.mu). For details of the government foreign ownership scheme, IRS, see maurinet.com.
Insider tip Island transport is slow, so buy near Port Louis, the capital of Mauritius.
Little wonder Spain wants to govern Gibraltar. This tiny British colony, still reminiscent of a sunny Sixties Saturday in Surrey, is a haven of stability compared to its mainland neighbour. Better yet, the Rock has no VAT, no capital gains or inheritance tax and relatively low income tax. As well as financial services, shipping and tourism, its economy is geared to telecoms and internet gaming. The latter is a growing sector, that now accounts for 11 per cent of gross domestic product. Buying in Gibraltar is easy, but there are eccentricities. You pay a 2 per cent deposit when you exchange contracts. Many homes are flats, so you should budget for service charges too. Some older houses are freehold, but most homes are leasehold. Do not expect open space. Gibraltar’s tiny size and 30,000 permanent residents put it among the world’s most crowded locations.
For sale For a taste of luxury, try the Grand Ocean Plaza in the Ocean Village marina, a complex with seven pools, tropical gardens, a health club, casino and shopping mall. A two-bedroom, two-bathroom apartment here costs £424,000 (oceanvillage.gi; 00350 200 400 48).
Insider tip Gibraltar has complicated stamp duty rules, varying from zero to 5.5 per cent of the purchase price.
6 South Africa
This is a country like no other. Beyond its cities lies endless countryside with vast open plains, unspoilt villages and a burgeoning wine culture. All in the glow of a wonderful year-round climate. The country is also a natural destination for Britons. Cape Town is only two hours ahead of London, and everyone speaks English. To make it even more attractive, house prices are low by global standards. One-bedroom apartments in Cape Town can cost just £60,000 and a three-bedroom house is £200,000. What’s more, local agents say South Africa’s economy has avoided European and North American volatility. “It’s seen as a safe haven due to exchange control regulations. Cape Town and its environs are the most popular areas for Britons,” explains Lanice Steward of South African estate agency Anne Porter Associates. For sale A three-bedroom house on Oakwood Estate at Hout Bay, a Cape Town coastal suburb, shows why the country is so popular. It is in a gated development, has a pool, three bathrooms and plenty of parking. Yet is only £333,600 (Ann
Barbados retains an aura of prestige and a reputation as a safe haven. This is because its legal and political systems are similar to Britain’s. There are daily international flights from the UK, Canada and the US, so tourism and rental rates are high for holiday homeowners wanting to earn a living from their investment. Overseas buyers are welcome, and there is no capital gains tax. Mortgage availability, even for foreigners, remains good. John Morphet owns the Royal Westmoreland resort, where British sports stars including Wayne Rooney, Joe Calzaghe and Rio Ferdinand have villas. He says: “There’s been some discounting of property, up to 25 per cent, but on the west coast this hasn’t really been the case. The market for individual beachfront villas and constructed properties on gated communities has remained strong. Purchasers are more risk-averse, so prefer to buy somewhere built rather than off-plan.” Prices are not cheap. Two-bedroom homes can cost £400,000 or more on the west coast, but properties are truly spectacular.
For sale A four-bedroom, four-bathroom high-elevation villa at Windfall golf development on the west coast. The property has a stone and marble interior, terraces and outdoor dining areas. There is also the mandatory swimming pool (£1.84m, Savills, 020 7016 3740; savills.com).
Insider tip Some homes take years to sell. If you hear that a property has been on the market for a while, bargain hard.
8 St Lucia
This Caribbean island has long been popular with Britons, even though its roads are poor and some areas can be crowded with owners and cruise ship visitors. There are rugged mountains, rainforests and coral reefs. Barbados, but with lower prices. Many Britons buy by setting up a company (an estate agent will help you), which eases tax payments. Most popular is the north-west area of the island, especially close to Rodney Bay, where more than 20 developments are underway. It’s hectic, but it means the infrastructure is improving thanks to the arrival of swish hotels and better transport links. In any case, there are plenty of quieter areas too.
For sale The Six Senses International leisure resort chain has recently opened Freedom Bay, and buyers can use hotel facilities. One and two-bedroom villas cost £660,000 to £975,000 (020 7959 2393, email@example.com).
Insider tip Castries, the capital, is the most popular location for cruise-ship tourists and is therefore the most crowded part of the island.
Emerging holiday home locations are few and far between, but Kenya is seeing “consistent growth,” according to Bob Woodhams of Knight Frank, despite the financial crisis and fears of terrorism. There is a 40-plus week tourist season in parts of the country, making this an attractive buy for those wanting rental income. Most land is government-owned, so foreigners buy on pre-built resorts, many of which have a mix of beachfront and interior wildlife. Respected British estate agency brands such as Aylesford (aylesford.com) are becoming more common and will guide you through the buying process.
For sale Medina Palms is a new development of 50 beachfront villas and apartments at Watamu in a scheme that has a 24-hour reception and extensive private security. Flats start at £195,000 and four-bedroom villas at £452,000. (Knight Frank, 020 7629 8171; knightfrank.com).
Insider tip Most homes in resorts have small gardens, but owners have use of vast, private and secure estates.
10 The Cayman Islands
The Caymans are home to more than 200 banks and expats from 100 countries. They also boast the world’s 14th highest GDP per capita, and the highest standard of living in the Caribbean. The country has the confidence of many from around the globe. Little Cayman (10 miles by one mile, population 150) and Cayman Brac (11 miles by two miles, population 1,800) are relatively untouched. Grand Cayman is bigger and blingier, attracting tax haven lovers as well as those who want sandy beaches and sun. Flights are plentiful, and it’s easy to hop over to neighbouring Jamaica and Cuba. Some apartments, like those at the Riviera Grand Cayman scheme at South Sound, cost just £110,000 (century21cayman.com), but foreigners are charged six per cent stamp duty. Yet there is no other property tax.
For sale Knight Frank is selling a Grand Cayman villa some 30ft above the sea for £1.2m (020 7629 8171; knightfrank.com). Insider tip Many foreigners buy land and build their own homes, but imported construction materials attract up to 22 per cent tax.